World Bank: Somalia making progress in rebuilding economy

World Bank has projected that Somalia's economy was set to decline by 1.5 percent at that time. [File photo]

MOGADISHU, Somalia - The economy of the federal republic of Somalia has shown tremendous improvement in the recent months, the World Bank has noted, in what could be positive news to the Horn of Africa nation, which is battling with instability.

Some of the shortcomings affecting the country include the ripple effects of the Covid-19 pandemic, floods, locusts invasion, and even the Al-Shabaab menace. Statistics show that the GDP will grow by 2.4 percent in 2021. This growth momentum is expected to continue in the medium term and reach pre-COVID-19 levels of 3.2 percent in 2021.

In its updates, World Bank said the economy of Somalia had shrunk by 0.4 percent in 2020, far much less than what had been projected. World Bank has projected that Somalia's economy was set to decline by 1.5 percent at that time.

Higher-than-anticipated aid flows, fiscal policy measures put in place by the Federal Government of Somalia to aid businesses, social protection measures to cushion vulnerable households, and higher-than-expected remittance inflows mitigated the adverse effects of the triple shock.

According to a World Bank report, disruptions stemming from COVID-19 containment measures reduced federal and state revenue collection while increasing pressure to spend more on health and disaster relief.

Large increases in external grants enabled the federal government to begin rebalancing public spending toward economic and social services and to provide funds for new social programs and emergency response projects to increase resilience, the report notes.

“As Somalia embarks on the road to recovery from the triple shocks, policy interventions that raise productivity, create jobs, and expand pro-poor programs will be key,” said Kristina Svensson, World Bank Country Manager for Somalia.

“Creating jobs and ensuring that the most vulnerable are supported throughout the crisis need to be at the center of policy action and private sector response.”

World Bank noted that interventions to improve the investment climate and encourage the formalization of businesses to attract more private investment would include reforms focused on reducing the cost of electricity and improving on its reliability, leveling the playing field among private firms, reducing red tape, and broadening financial inclusion.

The special focus of the report is on the health sector. It highlights that 30 years of political instability has made Somalia’s health system the second most fragile in the world. The COVID-19 pandemic has brought the sector under sharp focus and put investing in Somalia’s health system as an urgent political and economic consideration that is foundational to reducing fragility.

“Support for the health sector is an essential component of resilient and inclusive development and investing in health sets Somalia on a path to reaping substantial demographic dividends from improvements in life expectancy and reductions infertility,” said John Randa, World Bank Senior Economist.

“These investments are planned to contribute to improved health outcomes and strengthened government systems.”

Also, the report notes that strengthening Somalia’s health system is one of the biggest direct influences on improving human development and enhancing economic development in the country.

Further, the report recommends opportunities in the areas of health financing, health service delivery, and stewardship to improve Somalia’s health sector. Incoming funding from the World Bank is aimed at helping Somalia focus on high-impact, cost-effective interventions that target the primary burdens of diseases.


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